RS2 - Early Cretaceous glauconite formation, magmatism and metallogeny of the Eastern Serbian part of the Carpatho-Balkanides

Leaders: Nada Vasković (Belgrade University,, Vidojko Jović (Belgrade University), Vladica Cvetković (Belgrade University)

Practical information:

  • Duration: 3 days
  • Post-conference: 28.08.2010 Budapest (HU) / Belgrade (RS) - 31.08.2010 Belgrade (RS)
  • Length: 1200 km
  • Min. number of participants: 5
  • Max. number of participants: 20
  • Field trip registration fee
    • Student/young scientist: EUR 70
    • Normal: EUR 130
  • Accommodation and meals cost: EUR 80
  • Demands: No special physical or other demands, normal field trip equipment is recommended.
  • Means of transport: bus / van
  • Accommodation: Double room
    (for single possibilities contact Robert Hohol)
Full technical details in PDF format
Detailed itinerary in PDF format
Photo: The ruins of Felix Romuliana near Gamzigrad (RS)
The ruins of Felix Romuliana near Gamzigrad (RS)

Scientific focus
(keywords): glauconite formation; igneous petrology; high-sulphidation epithermal gold-copper deposits; porphyry copper deposits; Timok Magmatic Complex; speleology (cave visit); mining heritage; ancient monuments; Mesolithic archeological site

Photo: Timacite, Krivelj (RS) The field trip offers a synthetic overview on the complex geological features of East Serbia, as well as on its valuable touristic and cultural attractions. East Serbia belongs to the Apuseni-Banat-Timok-Srednogorie belt i. e. to the Bor-Srednegorie metallogenic zone. The Timok Eruptive Complex (TEC) is formed on a basement of autochthonous Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous sediments. Its evolution began in a shallow-sea basin with the deposition of Albian conglomerates and glauconitic sandstone (Lenovac Clastics, SE-part) and continues through its widening and deepening to the end of the Cenomanian, when calc-alkaline volcanic activity started and intermittently lasted to the Mid/Late Maastrichtian and continued later with Palaeogene intrusion of calc-alkaline plutonic suites and Cu mineralization. The excursion route will pass trough the complete sequence of volcanic activity visible in the central Bor structure and the world-class Majdanpek porphyry Cu-Au(-Mo) deposit, the Veliki Krivelj porphyry Cu deposits, and the Bor high-sulphidation Au-Cu epithermal deposits, and also the Rudna Glava magnetite ore deposit located in the Variscan granitoid Gornjane. We will visit to some unique localities preserving a valuable cultural heritage, like the Mesolithic archaeological site "Lepenski Vir", inhabited since 7000 BC until around 5500 BC and the Roman settlement "Felix Romuliana" in Gamzigrad (UNESCO World Heritage Site), one of the most important late Roman sites in Europe, which will complement the geoscientific experience.
Timacite, Krivelj (RS)

Daily programme:

Day 0 (28 Aug): [travel from Budapest to Belgrade (not included)] - Belgrade: accomodation (Hotel Union, not included)

Day 1 (29 Aug): Belgrade - Čukarica  - Rakovica: glauconitc sandstone - Gamzigrad: visit of the Roman settlement "Felix Romuliana" (late 3rd and early 4th century; UNESCO World Heritage Site), one of the most important late Roman sites in Europe, the residence of the Roman Emperor Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus (remains of a palace with exceptionally fine mosaics, baths and impressive gates) - Boljevac - Mt. Rtanj: accommodation (Motel Balašević)

Day 2 (30 Aug): Mt. Rtanj - Lenovac: (vicinity of Zaječar): "Lenovac Clastics" along the road of Lenovac and Gornja River: glauconitic sandstones - Bor: Copper ore deposit Bor, open pit mine (panorama view), Upper Senonian to Maastrichtian "Bor" conglomerate and pelite, and the youngest facies of the Timok Magmatic complex - Veliki Krivelj: Copper ore deposit (open pit mine) - Mali Krivelj: Turonian andesite of the first volcanic phase along road section (quarry) and copper ore deposit - Brestovac: Senonian volcanic phase, road section andesitic volcanoclastites cut by albite trachyte dyke - Brestovac spa: Pyroxene andesite lava flow facies with fragments of Variscan granites (Senonian volcanic phase) at the road section - Bor Lake: massive columnar to platy pyroxene andesite (Senonian volcanic phase)   - Donji Milanovac: accommodation (Hotel Lepenski Vir)

Day 3 (31 Aug): Donji Milanovac - Lepenski Vir: visit of an important Mesolithic archaeological site. The evidence suggests the first human presence in the locality around 7000 BC with the culture reaching its peak between 5300 BC and 4800 BC (numerous piscine sculptures and peculiar architecture are testimony to a rich social and religious life led by the inhabitants and the high cultural level of these early Europeans) - Majdanpek: visit of Cu-Au ore deposit (Majdanpek mine), visit of Rajko Cave near Majdanpek - Rudna Glava: magnetite ore deposit located in the Variscan granitoid Gornjane - Donji Milanovac - Danube Gorge - Golubac: visit of the medieval Golubac Fortress - Belgrade: arrival late afternoon, accommodation (Hotel Union, not included) or departure from Belgrade.

On-line registration >>

Map of the field trip with the key locations (or download Kml file for Google Earth):

View RS2 - Early Cretaceous glauconite formation, magmatism and metallogeny of the Eastern Serbian part of the Carpatho-Balkanides in a larger map